@小心爱们
你们喜爱图图嘛!
有一种爱叫【大众号置顶】
点击上方“北京年代云图”→点击右上角“…”→点选“设为星标
1
请求信
directions:
you are to apply for a part-time job in abc company. write an application to the department concerned and state your motivation and your qualifications for the position.
you should write about 100 words on the answer sheet.
do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. use “li ming” instead.
do not write the address. (10 points)
思路分析
由题干中的“application”可知,这篇文章为请求信。请求信是实际日子中的常见文体,可是考试中还从未考过,因而有必要致使注重。请求信可以的考点有请求某项作业、课程、奖金等。归纳这几种语境,给出模板如下:
第一段:毛遂自荐—标明意图
第二段:主题句—利益 1—利益 2—利益 3
第三段:总结上文—提出展望
模板作文
dear manager,
i’m a student of a famous university. i’m writing the letter to apply for the part-time job you have advertised on the internet.
my true zeal for the relevant field, to begin with, makes me an ideal candidate for the post. moreover,attached is my resume, which further expatiates on my academic attainments and working experience. the excellent grades in school and feedback on work bear testimony to my sound academic competence as well as exceptional dedication to my profession. besides, as i’m often referred to as an optimistic person with teamwork spirit, i can meet the application requirements you mentioned in the notice.
i would be much obliged if you could grant me an interview. i’m looking forward to your favorable reply.
yours faithfully,
li ming
亮点表达
1. 次段首句中的 true zeal for… 意为“对……有极大的热心”。
2. 次段第二句中的 expatiates on 意为“胪陈”;academic attainments 指“学术造就”。
3. 次段第三句中的 bear testimony to… 意为“证明晰……”。
4. 尾段第一句中的 i would be much obliged 是函件中的常用表达,标明谢谢;grant me an interview 意为“给我一个面试的机缘”。
5. 尾段第二句中的 favorable reply 指“必定答复”。
全文翻译
亲爱的司理:
我是某闻名大学的学生,我写信是要请求您在网上发布的兼职作业。
首要,我对有关领域非常感快乐喜爱,这也让我变成一个有竞赛力的提名人。其次,随信附上我的简历,简历中进一步胪陈了我的学术造就以及作业经历。在校时刻优良的成果和作业时刻杰出的反应,证明晰我在学术方面的优良才能与在专业上付出的极大尽力。此外,因为我们常常说我是个旷达的、具有团队精力的人,所以我契合您在招聘启事中说到的请求需求。
若您能给我一个面试的机缘,我将不堪感谢。期望收到您的必定答复。
此致
李明
触类旁通
此模板除了可以完满答复请求项目、奖学金和求职等标题外,还可用于举荐别人的举荐信。因为举荐别人的本质就是列出他的利益和天资。只需要把文中的第一人称改成第三人称即可。
2
投诉信
directions:
suppose you have purchased something online, but the express delivery was much delayed, and the package was broken. write a letter to the express company to complain and ask for compensation.
you should write about 100 words on the answer sheet.
do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. use “li ming” instead.
do not write the address. (10 points)
思路分析
由题干中的“complain”可知,这篇文章为投诉信,是要投诉一个快递公司,本质上是投诉其效能。
第一段:毛遂自荐—标明意图
第二段:主题句—投诉点 1—投诉点 2—投诉点 3
第三段:总结上文—提出展望
模板作文
to whom it may concern,
i am a customer of your company, and i’m writing to
inform you my dissatisfaction with your service.
i bought a book online last month, but i kept waiting for an unbearably long time until i received it the day before yesterday. to make things worse, i found the package mutilated and the book stained with oil and dirt. still, it must be pointed out that my previous repetitive complaints seemed to have aroused little attention from your after-sale department. i feel disappointed and claim damage for it/demand that it be solved without delay.
i would appreciate it if you could take this matter into serious consideration and make up for my loss/prevent similar things from happening in the future before i take further action. i’m looking forward to your early reply.
yours sincerely,
li ming
亮点表达
1. to whom it may concern 意 为“给 相 关 人 员”,是投诉信的惯用最初。
2. 次段首句中,i kept waiting for an unbearably long time 意为“我等了好久”;until i received it… 是时刻状语从句。
3. 次段第二句中,i found the package mutilated 是“主谓宾 + 宾补”规划;mutilated 意为“残损不全的”;后半句 the book stained with oil and dirt 为“宾语 + 宾补”规划,意为“书上沾满了油污”。
4. 次段末句中的 claim damage 意为?髋狻保舜amage 并非?鸷Α钡囊馑迹昝鳌暗殖ァ薄?br>
5. 末段第一句 i would appreciate it 中,appreciate 习气上要加 it 作虚指的宾语;后边的 if 引导条件状语从句。
全文翻译
给有关人员:
我是贵公司的客户。我写信是要向您表达我对您公司效能的不满。
我上个月在网上买了一本书,可是我等了好久,直到前天才收到包裹。更糟糕的是,我发现包裹现已破损,里边的书上沾满了油污。此外,有必要指出的是,我之前的重复投诉形似没能致使你们售后部分的注重。我感触很绝望,所以需求抵偿 / 这个疑问从速得处处置。
若贵方能细心思考我的投诉,并尽力抵偿我的丢掉 / 避免往后再次发生类似的作业,我将不堪感谢。否则,我会采纳进一步行为。期望提前收到您的回信。
此致
李明
触类旁通
此模板除了可以投诉效能,还可以用来投诉产品以及环境。若投诉产品,可以照搬原文;若投诉环境,只需把第二段前两句改成以下表达即可:
i found the environment in the neighborhood intolerable in that the ×× has been torturing me for a long time.(×× 为题干中说到的环境的疑问,有可以会考到噪音、废物等论题。)
3
图像作文
英语一考生应把本章作为要点背诵。
英语二考生应把本章作为非有必要点阅览。
再次偏重,为保证全部温习,请有必要参看 part 01中运用方案的时刻表,遵循其进行温习。此外,有必要提前通读附录二中关于高文文观念金句的精析。
一、环保安康
directions:
write an essay of 160-200 words based on the followingdrawing. in your essay, you should
1) describe the drawing briey,
2) explain its intended meaning, and
3) give your comments.
you should write neatly on the answer sheet. (20points)

思路分析
在此有些,咱们首要谈论行文思路。更切当地说,是谈论哪些论说点可在此运用。标题中画的是外卖致使废物成山,显着说的是污染疑问。可以从其成因、影响以及处置方法方面着手论说。从以下8个方面任选三个即可。(以下序号对应附录二中的高文文观念金句,后同。)
①让步观念——形似无可厚非,却损害很大;
②物质基础——日子水平前进,使外卖盛行起来;
③方针风潮——短少监管/贪心便利,构成此表象;
④注重程度——环保还没有得到满足的注重;
⑤时刻精力——我们忙,所以叫外卖很常见;
⑦情感要素——假定满眼都是废物,感触不开心;
⑧社会日子——外卖废物会构成污染,所所以这
个年代的疑问;
⑨推导展望——会有相应办法,今后会有改变。
模板作文
as is symbolically displayed in the cartoon, an over-burdened dustbin is taking even more rubbish including disposable plastic bags, chopsticks and meal boxes.doubtlessly, the picture reects the pollution caused by delivered food. from where i stand, it is a curse in the long run.
to begin with, just as karl marx once put it, “the economic basis determines the superstructure”. we may reasonably say that it was the unprecedented prosperity of the economy that made it possible for us to order food at home. moreover, with the pace of their life accelerating, modern people are inevitably deprived of opportunities to eat outside. thus food delivery, from this perspective, is not unexpectedly favored for offering convenience to them. delivered food seemingly has no ground for blame, but when subjected to careful reection, it will prove to be the sword of damocles threatening the environment and the long-term wellbeing of many individuals. considering that the rubbish caused by delivered food poses tremendous risk to the environment, it is no wonder acknowledged as the
poison of this era.
the previous discussion safely leads us to the conclusion that joint efforts should be made by the government and the society: the former is responsible for issuing effective laws; the latter is duty-bound to infuse adequate awareness of the topic into everyone, the rst step to the amelioration of the status quo.
要点解析
1. 首段第一句中,over-burdened 意为“不堪重荷的”;dustbin 意为“废物桶”;disposable plastic bags 意为“一次性塑料袋”。
2. 首段第二句中的 delivered food 意为“外卖食物”。
全文翻译
图像很有标志意味。它展示了一个现已不堪重荷的废物桶,正在收纳更多的废物,包括一次性塑料袋、筷子和餐盒。毫无疑问,此图反映的是外卖食物带来的污染。我认为,从长远来看,它会是个祸殃。
首要,正如卡尔·马克思所说:“经济基础抉择上层建筑。”咱们有理由说,正是经济的空前昌盛,使咱们可以在家中点外卖。其次,因为现代人的日子节奏越来越快,许多人没时刻出去吃饭,从这个视点来说,难怪外卖很受等待,因为它特别便利。外卖食物形似无可厚非,可是一经细心思考,就会发现它是一把达摩克利斯之剑,挟制着环境和许多人长远的夸姣。因为外卖构成的废物会给环境带来很大影响,它被公认为这个年代的毒药就缺乏为奇了。
从上述谈论中,咱们可以满有掌控地得出结论,政府与社会应当一起行为:前者应拟定有用的法令;后者有责任让每自个充分知道到这个论题的重要性。这是改进现状的第一步。
触类旁通
这篇文章是典型的环保类论题,其思路与观念可以完满仿制在其他以环保为主题的文章中,比方:雾霾(haze)、全球变暖(global warming)、城市病(urbandisease)、 低 碳 生 活(low-carbon lifestyle)、 肥 胖 症(obesity)、废物食物(junk food)等。
4
图像作文
英语一考生应把本章作为要点背诵。
英语二考生应把本章作为非有必要点阅览。
再次偏重,为保证全部温习,请有必要参看 part 01中运用方案的时刻表,遵循其进行温习。此外,有必要提前通读附录二中关于高文文观念金句的精析。
二、作业学习
directions:
write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. in your essay, you should
1) describe the drawing briefly,
2) explain its intended meaning, and
3) give your comments.
you should write neatly on the answer sheet. (20 points)

思路分析
漫画中画的是两个学生,其间一个的专业习气商场需要,找到中意的作业,可是另一个的专业不契合商场需要。这篇文章可以从专业对口、习气才能等方面论说。
①让步观念——形似无可指责,可是对自个和社会有害;
③方针风潮——关于某些专业的无量需要影响了用人单位的偏好;
④注重程度——许多学生不可注重自个的习气才能;
⑥自个好坏——许多人因为专业不对口,致使失利;这篇文章可以在自个利害后加万能比方;
⑦情感要素——找不到作业、作业不对口,沮丧无助;
⑧社会日子——对调和社会或任何集体都有害;
⑨推导展望——将会出台应对办法,改进现状。
作文展示
as is vividly displayed in the cartoon above, the heads of two graduates are compared to sockets. the graduate on the left is feeling disappointed because he cannot find a suitable plug in the job market. on the contrary, the other student looks jubilant for his major perfectly matches the demand of the society.
the picture reveals a prevalent phenomenon, i.e., the professional mismatch of college graduates. first of all, the ever-growing demand for highly specialized talents over the years has been an invisible hand shaping employers’ preference and therefore contributed to such a widespread phenomenon. in this light, the students would suffer from the sense of frustration if they cannot find the niche to bring their potential into full play, thus the phenomenon is worrying and its influence is far-reaching. considering that professional mismatch exerts tremendous impact on the cohesion of every company, it is no wonder acknowledged as the conundrum of this era.
to put it in a nutshell, it is high time that the authorities and the individuals took actions to solve the problem. the former is responsible

for ensuring sound employment environment; the latter is advisable to strike a balance between their interest and the demand of the society. only by doing this can we embrace a rosy future.
要点解析
1. 首段第一句中的 compared to 意为“比作”。
2. 首段末句中的 jubilant 意为“欢天喜地的”。
3. 次段第一句中的 professional mismatch 为这篇文章的主题——“专业不对口”。
4. 次段第二句中的 highly specialized talents 意为“高度专业化的人才”。
5. 次段第三句中,niche 原意是“佛龛”,一般用来指“休养生息之处”;短语 bring sth. into full play 意为“充分发扬……”。
全文翻译
上图非常生动地把两个结业生的头比作插座。左面的结业生很沮丧,因为他在作业商场找不到适合的插头。相反,另一个学生看起来很开心,因为他的专业完满贴合社会的需要。
此图反映了一个很广泛的表象,即大学生的专业不对口疑问。首要,这些年对高度专业化人才不断增加的需要,成了一只隐形的手,改动了招聘者的偏好,也致使了这个广泛存在的表象。在这种情况下,学生无法找到能充分发扬自个潜力的休养生息之处,他们就会感触非常沮丧,因而这个表象令人挂心,影响也非常深远。鉴于专业不对口关于一切公司的凝集力都会带来无量的影响,所以难怪它被公认为这个年代的难题。
简言之,政府与自个是时分采纳行为处置这个疑问了。前者有责任营建杰出的作业空气;后者应当在快乐喜爱与社会需要间获得平衡。只需这样,咱们的明日才会非常好。
触类旁通
这篇文章归于作业学习类论题,其思路可以运用在以下主题中:对症下药(teaching according to students’aptitude, personalized education)、 跳 槽(job hopping)、学历价值降低(diploma devaluation)、本质教育(qualityor-iented education)等。
5
图像作文
英语一考生应把本章作为要点背诵。
英语二考生应把本章作为非有必要点阅览。
再次偏重,为保证全部温习,请有必要参看 part 01中运用方案的时刻表,遵循其进行温习。此外,有必要提前通读附录二中关于高文文观念金句的精析。
二、学习读书
directions:
in this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following chart. in your writing, you should
1) interpret the chart, and
2) give your comments.
you should write about 150 words on the answer sheet. (15 points)

思路分析
本图展示的是在线学习风潮正盛的表象。考生用咱们的模板写作这篇文章会非常称心如意,几乎能完满代入。
作文展示
given above is a curve demonstrating the students’ time of online learning per week during the span of fifteen years. the figure inclined from about one hour in 2000 to four hours or so in 2010, and then the rate speeded up, finishing at approximately ten hours in 2015.
from where i stand, many factors can be found to account for the marked change, among which i would like to name three most important ones as follows. to begin with, just as karl marx once put it, “the economic base determines the superstructure”. we may reasonably say that it was the rapid advance of science and technology that made it possible for us to enjoy more classes online. plus, a number of individuals, especially those who are interested in courses of other majors, are the most typical beneficiaries of online learning in that they could enjoy the best things that the world can offer with it. last but not the least, it can be deduced from the chart that the time of online study is to be pushed to a new high. that being the case, we foresee a dramatic change of the data in the years to come.
from the previous discussion we can safely come to the conclusion that the internet will continue to influence all aspects of our study in the long run. it is high time we cultivated a better awareness of its importance and channeled actions accordingly.
要点解析
1. 首段第一句中的 given above is… 为倒装句。
2. 首段第二句中的 incline 意为“缓慢添加”;and then the rate speeded up 意为“后来速度加速”;最终的finishing at… 是分词短语作成果状语,意为“究竟抵达某数值”。
3. 尾段第一句中的 the internet will continue to influence all aspects of our study 意为“互联网将持续影响咱们学习的各个方面”。
全文翻译
以上曲线展示了曩昔十五年间学生均匀每周的在线学习时刻。数据从 2000 年的大约 1 小时缓慢添加到2010 年的 4 小时支配,后来速度加速,究竟在 2015 年抵达了约 10 小时。
我认为,好几个要素可以说明这个无量的改变,从中我罗列以下最重要的三个要素。首要,正如卡尔·马克思所说:“经济基础抉择上层建筑。”咱们有理由说,正是科技的快速前进,才让咱们能上更多的网课。此外,许多人,特别是喜爱其他专业的人,是在线学习最典型的获益者。因为有了它,他们就能享受这个世界供给的最佳的东西。最终,从图中还可以揣度出,在线学习时长还会抵达新的高度。鉴于此,咱们估计往后几年该数据会有严峻改变。
综上所述,咱们可以得出结论,从长远来看,互联网将持续影响咱们学习的各个方面。是时分好好地知道网课的重要性,并据此辅导自个的行为了。
触类旁通
这篇文章还可用于阅览时刻(reading time)、电子书与纸质书(electronic books and paper books)、上网时刻(time spent surfing online)等论题。
6
图像作文
英语一考生应把本章作为要点背诵。
英语二考生应把本章作为非有必要点阅览。
再次偏重,为保证全部温习,请有必要参看 part 01中运用方案的时刻表,遵循其进行温习。此外,有必要提前通读附录二中关于高文文观念金句的精析。
四、身心安康
directions:
in this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following table. in your writing, you should
1) interpret the table, and
2) give your comments.
you should write about 150 words on the answer sheet. (15 points)

思路分析
上表中说的是某校各个大学学生运动的频率,其实是在谈论大学生的安康疑问。可以从巨大学学生时刻紧,或许没有正招知道到运动的重要性等方面论说。
可用方向有:
①让步观念——短少运动看似没啥,但长时刻来看是有害的;
④注重程度——许多学生不注重运动;
⑤时刻精力——很为学生,特别是大四学生,没时刻运动;
⑥自个好坏——许多不运动的人受害;
⑦情感要素——不运动常常会致使严峻焦虑,心境不畅;
⑧社会日子——短少运动对社会、对下一代都有害;
⑨推导展望——应采纳办法,会呈现改动。
作文展示
the table demonstrates the students’ frequency of doing exercise in a university. at the top of the list are freshmen, 60% of whom are regular sportsmen. it is followed by sophomores at 50%, and juniors, 40%. at the bottom of the list, 70% of seniors seldom or never do sports.
several factors, to my way of thinking, can be easily found to account for the phenomenon. to begin with, the phenomenon can be ascribed to the fact that some students, especially those of higher grades, are not keenly aware of the significance of exercise. after all, it is human nature to shirk all tiring activities if they can. plus, with increasingly limited time and energy at their disposal, the majority of students are inevitably deprived of opportunities to conduct extracurricular activities. thus exercise, from this perspective, is not unexpectedly dispensable for not offering instant benefits to them. it can be deduced from the table that we need some countermeasures to circumvent the problem in the near future. that being the case, we foresee a dramatic change of the data in the years to come.
the analysis above may reasonably lead to the conclusion that the lack of exercise will be a curse for us in the long run. it is advised for the university to put a premium on the phenomenon and infuse correct attitude towards it.
要点解析
1. 首段第二句顶用到了名词性亮点表达 be regular sportsmen,意为“频频运动的人”。
2. 次段第三句中的 shirk all tiring activities 意为“躲避一切累人的活动”。
3. 次段第四句中的 extracurricular activities 意为“课外活动”。
4. 末段第一句中的 curse 意为“祸殃”。
5. 末段第二句中的 put a premium on 意为“注重”;infuse correct attitude 意为“树立正确的情绪”。
全文翻译
该表格展示了某大学学生运动的频率。最高的是大一学生,有 60% 的人常常运动。其次是大二和大三,别离有 50% 和 40% 的人常做运动。频率最低的是大四学生,有 70% 的人很少或从不做运动。
我认为,可以很简略地找到许多缘由来说明这种表象。首要,一些学生,特别是巨大学学生,没有完全地知道到运动的重要性。究竟,躲避一切累人的活动是人之常情。其次,巨大学学生可安适分配的时刻与精力越来越有限,他们中的大有些人没有机缘进行课外活动。而运动,从这个视点讲,就可以扔掉,因为它没能给这些人带来及时的酬谢。从上表中可以揣度,在将来,咱们需要一些办法来处置这个疑问。鉴于此,咱们估计近几年这个数据会有严峻改变。
上述分析让咱们得出结论,长时刻来看,短少运动关于咱们来说是一种祸殃。校方应当注重这个表象,并树立正确的情绪。
触类旁通
这篇文章可用于的类似论题还有压力(pressure)、吸烟者数量(the number of smokers)、肥胖人数(the number of overweight people)等。

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